Papilio machaon (LINNAEUS 1758)


machaon.JPG (64205 Byte)
Photo by Mario Maier. Papilio machaon, April 1997, Southern France

More photos: 1 + 2 (by Mario Maier), 3 (by Jan Weima), 4 (by Natalia Dobrzańska),
5 + 6 (by Paolo Henrique Rodrigues)


pointer.gif (1285 Byte) Family: Papilionidae
Subfamily: Papilioninae
plate machaon

One of the largest European butterflies. The fore-wing span of the female is sometimes more than 3.5 inch. The swallowtail exhibits an interesting form of courtship behavior, called hilltopping. It serves as a means to recognize the sexes. A similar species, which is rare in Northern Europe, is Iphiclides podalirius, the Scarce Swallowtail.
More information and photos see
metamorphosis of the swallowtail.

Flight period:
o, sometimes three broods, from April to September.

Larval host plants:
Mainly various species of umbelliferae.
Description: On the uppersides of the wings are black transverse lines on a pale yellow background, and two orange dots.

Red List Germany: n.a.

Copyright 1998 - 2005 by Mario Maier
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